ICAC Investigations

We investigate public bodies and public officers. These include private individuals and organisations that are in receipt of government funds. For example, those who provide a service on behalf of the NTG, who have a procurement contract with NTG, or are recipients of grant funding.

More information on what a public body is and who is and is not a public officer can be found here.

We are able to investigate anything that may be reported to us. More information on what you can report to the Office of the ICAC can be found here, noting that we must prioritise investigating the most serious and systemic improper conduct.

You are protected

Strict protections are in place for those who report improper conduct if it is considered a protected communication. More information on protected communications (formerly known as whistleblower protections) can be found here.

Improper Conduct

The Office of ICAC has a number of options available when we receive a report of improper conduct.

Only a small number of reports may be investigated.

The Office of the ICAC is required by law to prioritise investigations into the most serious and systemic improper conduct.

Many reports may not be investigated because they:

  • did not involve improper conduct
  • were outside the scope of who we investigate
  • lacked substance or credibility, or were frivolous or vexatious
  • have otherwise been dealt with by us or another agency.

We may first conduct preliminary inquiries.

To help us decide whether to investigate, we can request you to produce information and documents (or other things) as part of a preliminary inquiry.

We may conduct an audit or review.

We may, at any time, audit or review the practices, policies or procedures of a public body or public officer to identify whether improper conduct has occurred, is occurring or is at risk of occurring. The only exemption is that we cannot audit or review the practices, policies and procedures of a court or judicial officer in relation to the performance of judicial functions.

For an audit or review, we may exercise all of our investigative powers.

If we conduct an audit or review, we must provide a report in relation to the results to a person with responsibility for the public body or public officer that is the subject of the audit or review. However, we are not required to include any information in this report that may prejudice a current or future matter.

The Office of the ICAC can investigate without receiving a report.

These are called ‘own motion’ investigations and are initiated by the ICAC. We do not need to receive a complaint to investigate a matter.

We may refer your matter to another agency to investigate

As we must prioritise the most serious and systemic improper conduct, we may refer your matter to another agency to investigate if it does not fall within this category. This may be to any agency deemed by the ICAC to be appropriate. This includes, for example:

  • NT Government agencies
  • law enforcement agencies
  • agencies of other jurisdictions that have similar functions (e.g. an interstate ICAC-equivalent)
  • an entity that regulates or has oversight of a profession, trade, occupation or group or a type of organisation such as corporations or incorporated corporations.

We may refer your matter to more than one agency, or different parts of the same matter to different agencies. We may choose to consult with an agency in deciding whether or not to make a referral.

In referring a matter for investigation, the ICAC has discretion as to what information is included in that referral. The ICAC is under no obligation to disclose the information’s original source.

The referral may also include directions as to how the matter is to be deal with and any reporting requirements back to the Office of the ICAC.

However, we cannot give directions to independent entities other than the Speaker or Deputy Speaker (such as the Ombudsman), but we may require them to report back on the actions taken regarding the referral and the outcome of those actions. Those receiving referrals are not obliged to comply with directions if they are beyond the power or incompatible with its functions.

Joint investigations

In specified circumstances, and by agreement, we may conduct joint investigations in conjunction with another agency.

Involved in an investigation?

Find out what you need to know here.